A 2019 Harris poll of 1,433 employees cited lack of development as one of the most common reasons for leaving a job, second only to dissatisfaction with their pay. This alarming factor is one major contributor to the skills gap, defined by Training Industry as, “A gap between the skills an employee has and the skills he or she actually needs to perform a job well.” Employers may choose to tackle this challenge in a number of ways, including contracting and hiring new employees, in addition to the obvious option of upskilling their current workforce.
Recent market shifts have pushed skills development to the top of the priority list for many organisations in an attempt to close the skills gap and retain top talent. Gallup has documented that U.S. businesses lose a combined total of one trillion dollars annually due to voluntary turnover, and the cost of replacing even one employee can amount to two times the employee’s annual salary.
Whether you’re facing a skills gap within your
immediate team or across your organisation as a whole, consider these six
factors as you define your strategy to close this gap.
1. Review the drivers that make skills development a priority
Analyze the gap between what your organisation needs and what skills your employees can offer. Whether your organisation’s needs have evolved due to digitisation, automation, or other shifts in the market, chances are you’re hiring for different skills and abilities than you were a decade ago. Take the time or identify both qualitative and quantitative characteristics that describe your ideal candidates, and then create a plan to upskill your current team members so that they meet this criteria. Your employees may in fact thank you for the opportunity; a LinkedIn survey of 2,400 professionals revealed that “The most inspiring thing about work is the work itself...and the opportunity to grow.”
2. Identify the necessary competencies for each role
HRSG defines competencies as “The
observable abilities, skills, knowledge, motivations, and traits, articulated
in terms of the behaviours needed for successful job performance.” Only when you
know the competencies for each role in your organisation can you take meaningful
action to close the skills gap that affects both individuals’ and your
organisation’s performance. Competency-based management can positively impact
motions across the business, from recruiting, to performance management, to
career development and succession planning. Use competencies to gain visibility
into the effectiveness of your workforce and to clear a path for development
3. Write competencies that can be measured and/or have proficiency levels
practice for implementing competencies is to define proficiency levels for
performance. Clarify what distinguishes a novice from an expert and what traits
or characteristics fall in the middle of this spectrum. Frame each competency
around a clearly defined, measurable, observable behaviour, with higher
proficiency levels corresponding to more sophisticated skills and behaviours on
the job. This process helps to classify current employees and identify skill
gaps across an organisation, and also helps create a roadmap for employee
4. Assess your employees
HRSG states that, “Assessing competencies as a part of performance management is an important means of assisting employees in understanding performance expectations and enhancing competencies.” Whether this is done through formal annual reviews or informal 1-1s and check ins, it’s necessary to periodically discuss employees’ performance and how well their talents align with the competencies of their role. Simply put, if they do not know what is expected of them, they can not be expected to meet that requirement. Furthermore, your top talent should equally have a solid understanding of what distinguishes them from others. Framing the conversation around employees’ observable actions that relate to measurable competencies demystifies this process for both the employees and the managers alike.
5. Align development to competencies
By aligning competencies with performance goals and metrics, both employees and the employer alike have a clear vision for success. The review process becomes streamlined, by combining both what must be done, and how it must be done. Performance and development plans can document progress towards mastery of identified competencies, resulting in more productive conversations during performance reviews.
stated above, turnover is both costly to the organisation and demoralising to
tenured employees. Once on-the-job competencies and current employees’ skills
have both been identified, the next logical step is to align employees’
development plans with the desired competencies. Explore formal and informal
learning experiences ranging from internal training to external certificates
and degrees to provide employees with the necessary knowledge and skills to
close their performance gaps.
6. Pull it all together with a next generation learning management system (LMS) or talent experience platform (TXP)
Drive success in your performance management strategy by harnessing the power of performance management software. Break down silos across your organisation and gain crystal-clear visibility into metrics including learning and development records, performance management data, and even employee engagement.
Brandon Hall, an analyst for Totara says, “Totara Perform is a performance management system with adaptability and productivity at its core. Organisations can create evidence-based performance reviews, get an objective view of employee performance and quickly identify and close skills gaps to ensure they remain competitive.”
Don’t let a widening skills gap between your employees’ potential and their performance derail your organisation’s goals. By proactively identifying and rectifying the issues that contribute to poor performance on the job, you will empower your organisation’s most important asset, its people, to reach new heights. Make skills development a critical component of your organisation’s strategic plan, and reap the rewards of a highly motivated and highly engaged workforce that is as committed to your success as you are to theirs.